Thursday, February 15, 2018
10:00 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.
Room 205, Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary
2121 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois

Repeat Presentation
6:00 p.m. – 7:30 p.m.
Room 101, Northwestern University Black House
1914 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois

Participants will experience:

  • The collective Black Baptist Church & Black Baptist convention movement (movement that brought into existence the National Baptist Convention, Inc.) was largely constituted by women. In this historical moment, women were crucial to broadening the public reach of the church and making it the most powerful institution of racial self-help available to the African American community
    • Church women contested racist ideology by demanding anti-lynching legislation
    • Church women demanded an end to segregation laws
    • Church women expressed their discontent with racial and gender discrimination
    • Church women advocated voting rights, equal employment opportunities and equal education opportunities
    • Church women went into communities – as organizers – knocking door-to-door, determining the needs of newly-migrated Black folks to the North so that they could create church-based programming to fit the needs of their community
    • Church women also restricted grassroots people with respectability commands
  • While Black churchmen recognized the importance of women’s active role in racial self-help, male-biased traditions/rules of decorum sought to mute Black churchwomen’s voices
  • In the decades following Reconstruction, Black churches had a booming expansion of capacity to educate Black men and women – largely through Southern Black schools and colleges
  • Social science research during this period reinforced the idea that Christianity subverted Black resistance and pacified urban Blacks and newly-arrived Black immigrants into focusing on ‘other-worldly’ concerns, ignoring the injustices that faced them daily
  • Marcus Garvey began rallying working-class Blacks in New York and throughout the country with his appeal to Black pride, economic independence, and racial self-determination
  • (Labor leadership) The First International Congress of Working Women met in DC in 1919. Mary Church Terrell and other Black women attempted to make its programming more relevant to Black workingwomen